What to do if a goat eats something toxic


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Most goats have a tendency to nibble first, check the toxicity of a plant later kind of strategy to life, and that can be deadly.

Gardens are full of potential killers, and often you may not know until an animal gets very sick, very suddenly. Goats can be notorious at taste-testing plants; they tend to be very much like a child who tests everything by putting it in their mouth, except many popular garden plants are toxic. That’s why it’s highly recommended you don’t feed any prunings of anything in your garden to goats, or any other livestock.

If you come across a goat that is suddenly sick, especially if it has had access to garden plants, poisoning needs to be high on the list of suspects. Symptoms vary but include:
– foaming or frothing at the mouth, especially if it’s coloured (usually green)
– vomiting (rare, but possible)
– diarrhoea
– staggering
– trembling
– crying out
– fast breathing or struggling to breathe
– convulsing
– death

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Google how to help a goat that’s eaten something toxic and you’ll find all kinds of ‘remedies’ to drench into a goat. One is a mix of rennet, Mylanta (milk of magnesia) and brandy, another is cooking oil, tea, ground ginger and baking soda.

Keith Turner of Massey University’s Institute of Veterinary, Animal & Biomedical Sciences specialises in goat health care and management. His first rule of thumb is first do no harm and in the case of these recipes, he says you’re certainly won’t be doing any harm to the animal by giving it to them if you suspect they have eaten something poisonous.
But it’s not a cure either. In the case of the brandy, he believes probably it would be better to save that for yourself after you’ve helped your goat.

In both cases, he believes the recipes are mostly helping to soothe the stomach, minimising the damage to it by re-lining the walls of the gastro-intestinal tract. During a bout of poisoning, the lining will be stripped, affecting the delicate balance in the goat’s rumen and leaving it open to secondary infections. Milk of magnesia or oil provides a protective lining.
For the recipe that contains tea, it is the tannins in the tea that will be the most active ingredient, helping to bind up the toxins so the animal doesn’t absorb them through the walls of the rumen or intestines.

The best way to avoid having to use these recipes is good husbandry: don’t give your animals any clippings from your garden, kill off or pull out poisonous plants in pasture, eg ragwort, bracken, and make sure fences are especially sturdy around your garden.
Unfortunately the first sign a goat has been poisoned is often finding its dead body. Some plants, like yew (Taxus baccata) are so deadly an animal is often found only a few feet from the tree, with unchewed yew twigs still in its mouth.

If you suspect your goat (or any animal) has eaten something poisonous, pull out anything remaining in its mouth, call your vet urgently as they will have supportive medications and may administer fluids, move the animal to a warm, dry area (don’t leave it in the sun), keep it walking quietly around if possible, and let it drink tepid, clean water. If it does choose to drink after vomiting, you will need to change the water because any vomit that gets in the water has the capacity to re-poison the animal.
If at this point you choose to use one of the drenches above, only give it in small amounts and be very careful not to force it down – a sick, stressed goat could easily inhale the drench into its lungs. If a goat is vomiting, make sure it is calm again before trying to get anything down its throat.

NZ Lifestyle Block This article first appeared in NZ Lifestyle Block Magazine.

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