12 interesting facts about salad burnet


This backyard herb has a colourful history, it was prized by Roman soldiers for its medicinal qualities and used in the 16th Century as a wine additive.

1. The genus name Sanguisorba comes from the Greek ‘sanguis’ meaning blood and ‘sorbere’ to staunch because of its traditional use stopping bleeding, both internally and externally. The great, 16th century English botanist John Gerard described it a ‘capital wound herb.’

2. The disinfectant and antiseptic properties were also valued for sores, sunburn, bites and ulcers. There is little research to confirm salad burnet’s blood flow reducing properties, though it does show some antibiotic properties.

3. Salad burnet’s most famous use was probably added to claret or ale or refreshing summer drinks. According to Gerard it would “make the hart merry and glad, as also put into wine, to which it yeldeth a certain grace in the drinking.”

4. Herbalist Nicholas Culpeper, author of Culpeper’s Complete Herbal (1653) called salad burnet ‘a most precious herb’ and said the continual use of it ‘preserves the body in health and vigour.’

5. Drunk as a tea it is mildly diuretic. It is astringent and was valued as a tonic, for aiding digestion and relieving diarrhoea. As a cooling herb it was used to promote perspiration.

6. A larger plant, the great burnet (Sanguisorba officinalis) was preferred as the official medicinal herb, probably due to its size, however both species have similar medicinal properties.

7. Salad burnet’s flowers are female at the top, male at the bottom and hermaphrodite inbetween.

8. The Romans took salad burnet into battle, believing its blood-clotting properties would save them if they were wounded

9. An infusion of salad burnet was believed to cure gout and rheumatism.

10. A facial wash can be used for sunburnt or troubled skin.

11. Salad burnet can be used to stabilise banks, in rock gardens and does well in a mixed meadow.

12. It is one of the few plants not overwhelmed by mint.

NZ Lifestyle Block This article first appeared in NZ Lifestyle Block Magazine.

You may also like...

A beginner’s guide to chainsaw safety It's important to wear the right safety gear when operating a chainsaw. Photo: Val_th | Dreamstime.comAs a nation of DIYers, many of us have a ch...
What it takes to kill a rat Rats are incredibly smart, and it can be difficult to reduce their numbers if they’ve learnt to avoid bait and traps. But science has discovered t...
How to use horse manure with no regrets It may not smell the greatest, but your garden will thank you for using horse manure to help it flourish.It's a great option for the gardener,...
6 pasture plants that will make it through a droug... If you’re planning to renovate pasture and you're in an area that gets dry or drought conditions, consider something tougher than ryegrass.Words: ...
Discuss This Article

Send this to friend